a bee on a yellow flower Photo by Andrei Caliman on Unsplash

Ultimate Guide to Flower Photography: 27 Tips for Macro | Close-up | Still Life Photos

November 27, 2022

Flower photography is one of the most popular subjects for photographers, and you can use a wide range of techniques to capture their beauty.

In this article, we'll give you tips on how to approach each of the three major categories of flower photography: macro, close-up, and still-life photography.

Macro Flower Photography

Macro flower photography is all about capturing the intricate details of the flower. The key to success in this genre is to use a macro lens, which will allow you to get close to your subject and capture its smallest details.

Here are some tips to help you take great macro photos of flowers:

1. Composition

The first thing to remember when composing a macro shot is that your main subject will be the flower itself. Flower stems and leaves are not good foreground subjects and can be distracting in an otherwise stunning picture.

fancy pink flower petals

Photo by Kumiko SHIMIZU on Unsplash

If you want to include some of the stems or leaves in your shot, make sure they are behind your main subject.

2. Background

With macro flower photography, it is essential to remember that the background should never be distracting from your main subject. The background should be blurred out, black or plain white, not to draw attention away from what you are shooting.

3. Look for Symmetry

Symmetry is a major feature of flower nature photography. It's what makes it so easy for the average person to take and share beautiful images, with even just a little knowledge of how flowers grow.

When you are photographing a flower, notice symmetry. If the flower has an intricate or neat pattern, focus on one of the parts to shoot properly.

a light purple flower with Symmetry petals

Photo by Quino Al on Unsplash

4. Depth of Field

Depth of Field is an important attribute in photography, which can be used to great effect when photographing close-up flowers. It is the distance between the nearest and farthest objects that still appear in focus.

Use depth of field to your advantage. When capturing small, delicate objects, know where you want to focus, and the depth of field will do the rest.

5. Use Manual Focus

Although autofocus is very convenient, when shooting macro flower photography, flowers often need to be very focused on a small part of the frame. Using manual focus, you can place your focus point directly on your subject, and it will remain perfectly focused.

Shooting in manual focus lets you adjust the depth of field, hone your composition, and dial in focus precisely. This way, you'll have an eye for detail and be able to capture your images accurately.

6. Change Your Point of View

No matter what the subject is for macro flower photography, it would help if you constantly experiment with different viewpoints. For example, consider getting down at ground level and looking up to get the best angle possible.

black and white flower photo with a horizontal-petal view

Photo by Jacqueline O'Gara on Unsplash

This will show off your entire composition and provide a different view than what most people see every day.

7. Capture Natural Interaction

Flowers attract various animals, birds, and insects because of their color and scent. Why not take advantage of this and try to capture some of these creatures interacting with your flower?

This will add a more natural feel to your shot and make you appear much more skilled in your craft.

Flower Close-up Photography

Close-up flower photography is similar to macro photography, but you don't need a macro lens to do it. Instead, you can use a telephoto or zoom lens to get close to your subject.

The key to success in this genre is to focus on the flower's details and keep the background out of focus. Below are some tips for taking great close-up photos of flowers:

8. Shutter Speed

Flowers tend to move with the wind, which makes shutter speed an important factor in close-up photography. If the flower moves, then the movement may appear in your shot.

a black and white blossoming rose flower

Photo by Rodion Kutsaiev on Unsplash

A normal shutter speed will not allow you to fit in these moving parts of the flower in your shot without blur. A fast shutter speed will eliminate this blur, allowing you to keep your subject sharp even if it is moving. Ideally, use a minimum shutter speed of 1/125.

9. Focus on Detail

Close-up floral photography is all about focusing on detail. It's about seeing the intricate details of a flower and capturing them in a single frame.

Think about what part of the flower you want to focus on, whether petals, leaves, stamen, or something else. Now look for a way to make that part of the flower stand out.

This will help draw the viewer's attention to this detail and communicate what you are trying to say with your image.

10. Keep Things Simple

a white blossoming flower with red pistils

Photo by Nikita Tikhomirov on Unsplash

Some photographers try to do too much when they take a flower photo by trying to also capture everything in the surrounding. Take the photo simple instead; aim to capture a single flower and nothing else.

You want this to be an intimate moment with a single flower so that the viewer can see more and enjoy how beautiful it is without any distractions.

11. Timing

The season and time of day are important to consider before shooting flowers, as the color and size of petals may vary. Early morning is an excellent time of day because it is less humid, and you'll catch more dew on the petals.

Late afternoon or early evening are good times if you want warmer colors due to the sun's position in the sky.

12. Use/Create shadows

The use of shadows is a common technique used in floral photos. When photographing flowers, sometimes the subject can be too flat and not have enough depth.

a bunch of red rose flowers in dark light

Photo by Alessio Soggetti on Unsplash

One way to add realism to your flowers is by introducing shadows on the petals or leaves. This provides a sense of mystery and three-dimensionality to your subject.

13. Shoot in Black and White

Shooting in black and white is a technique that often produces great results. The clarity of the image provides a cleaner appearance of textures and shapes.

With color photos, you have to consider multiple colors when making decisions about light and composition. Shooting in monochrome simplifies that for you.

14. Shoot After It Rains

Water droplets on fresh flowers are an interesting and powerful photographic subject. When the rain has just fallen, and all the water is on or around the flower, it's a prime opportunity for gorgeous close-up photography.

Hold your lens as close to the flower as possible without going so far that you're distracted by background objects, such as leaves. Move in very slowly (or use a macro lens) and capture your masterpiece.

a bunch of pink flowers

Photo by Ridham Parikh on Unsplash 

15. Look for Color Contrast

Look at the color contrast between your flower and its background, as this will make your photo more appealing to viewers. For example, the leaves of a plant are usually darker than their petals, making it easier to create contrast between the flower's parts and its surroundings.

Flower Still Life Photography

Flower Still Life Photography is the art of photographing flowers in a controlled environment. It is all about arranging flowers in a beautiful and artistic way.

To take great still-life photos, you'll need to pay attention to your shot's composition, lighting, and background.

Here are some tips for taking great still-life photos of flowers:

16. Use Props

You can get some gorgeous flower photography still-life shots with some help from props. You can use any creative or unusual props to create a specific effect in your shot.

For example, use props like baskets, fruits, and vases. Try to experiment and see what kind of results you get.

a small bunch of flowers in glass bottle

Photo by Arjun Lama on Unsplash 

17. Look For Reflection

All flowers have a breathtaking color and fragrance that should be captured in the reflection of the petals. This can be done by using a reflective surface such as water.

You may also try using objects like glass or mirrors because they are shiny and reflective. The result of using these will surely make your picture more interesting.

18. Capture the Whole Bunch

When you have a wide-angle shot of a bouquet, try to capture the whole bunch instead by concentrating on individual flowers. This will give your photo a more appealing look and make it more appealing to viewers.

19. Use Natural Light

Natural light is most aesthetically pleasing to still-life and flower close up photography; sometimes artificial lighting can lead to unnatural-looking photos. Natural light comes from the sun; use it to take great still-life photos of your flowers.

orange flowers with bokeh background

Photo by Aziz Acharki on Unsplash

For example, photographing a flower with a window in front of them will produce more natural images than those taken with only artificial lighting.

20. Use Negative Space

Negative space is a key element in framing a shot. It aids viewers in seeing the photograph's subject and understanding how it relates to the background.

This is especially important when working with flowers as they are often very small and delicate; the negative space helps to frame the subject and makes it stand out.

21. Rule of Thirds

The rule of thirds is a compositional guideline for creating more dynamic, aesthetically pleasing photographs. Imagine your image is divided into thirds, both horizontally and vertically. When taking a picture, always place your subject in one of the thirds.

Bonus Tip: Choice of Equipment

Although you may have the necessary skills and tips to take good macro, still-life, and close-up flower photos, avoiding bad photos is even easier with a great choice of equipment. Here's a list of some necessary equipment that will do the job for you:

22. Use a Plant Clamp

clusters of flowers in black and white

Photo by Aiva Apsite on Unsplash

A plant clamp is a device that wraps around the stem of a flower or other plant while it's being photographed to stop it from moving around during the shoot. Use this nifty little tip to produce beautiful, sharp photos of flowers without worrying about whether the breeze will ruin them.

23. Fill Flash

A fill flash brightens the background to make the subject stand out. It can also be used for outdoor shots when there's not enough light for a good shot.

24. Macro Lens

A macro lens can get as close as 6 cm away from your subject, enabling you to capture incredible detail and overall quality of your subject, making it one of the most critical tools in any serious and successful macro photographer's bag.

25. Reflector

Reflectors are essential tools for every macro photographer because they greatly enhance the quality of your shots and can make shadows look more uniform, making your subjects appear sharper.

flower land of Daisy

Photo by Emre on Unsplash

26. Tripod

A tripod is an essential piece of equipment for macro photographers; without one, you will have trouble taking a good shot because the movement and shaking of your hand/camera will cause the image to appear blurry.

27. Remote Trigger

A remote trigger is a device you can use to take shots with your camera from a distance. You can use it to remove blur caused by an unsteady hand or set your camera to various positions to take more exciting and complex shots.


Flowers help make our world more beautiful and bring more joy to people. By pairing the tips above with the right equipment, you will definitely be able to capture the beauty and mesmerizing colors of flowers. Keep experimenting and see what you can come up with.

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